ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Thứ Tư, 29 tháng 8, 2018

What are Requirement on Sending Notices in Arbitration Proceedings in Vietnam?

According to Article 12 of Vietnam Law on Commercial Arbitration, unless otherwise agreed by the parties or provided by the arbitration center’s rules of proceedings, the mode and order of sending notices in arbitral proceedings for dispute are specified as follows:

Each party’s written explanations, correspondence papers and other documents shall be sent to the arbitration center or arbitration council in sufficient copies so that every member of the arbitration council and the other party has one copy, and one copy is filed at the arbitration center;


Notices and documents to be sent by the arbitration center or arbitration council to the parties shall be sent to the addresses or to their representatives at the correct addresses notified by the parties;

Notices and documents may be sent by the arbitration center or arbitration council directly, in registered or ordinary mails, by fax. telex, telegram, email, or other modes which acknowledge such sending;

Notices and documents sent by the arbitration center or arbitration council will be regarded as having been received on the date the parties or their representatives receive them or if such notices and documents have been sent to addresses or to their representatives at correct address notified by the parties;

The time limit for receiving notices and documents shall be counted from the date following the date such notices and documents are regarded as having been received. If the following date falls on a holiday or day off under regulations of the country or territory in which the notices and documents have been received. this time limit shall be counted from the subsequent first working day. If the last day of this time limit falls on a holiday or day off under regulations of such country or territory, the time of expiration is the end of the subsequent first working day.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Contact Dispute law firm in Vietnam for ADR & Mediation Services provided by qualified mediators and lawyers, supported by field experts. Via email ant@antlawyers.vn, office tel +84 28 730 86 529 or talk to our partner directly at + 84 912 817 823.

Chủ Nhật, 26 tháng 8, 2018

Labour matters in the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Area (EVFTA)

The International Labor Organization (ILO) is an international organization founded in 1919, after World War I and became the first specialized agency of the United Nations in 1946. The main purpose of the ILO is Promoting the rights of the employee in the workplace, promoting employment opportunities, enhancing social protection, and enhancing dialogue with people about work-related issues. Until now, the organization has 186 members worldwide and contributes to addressing labor-related issues around the world.


Vietnam has joined the ILO since 1992 and has its office located in Hanoi in 2003. The purpose of the ILO Vietnam is to promote workplace rights, promote sustainable working opportunities, social protection, and promote dialogue on issues related to employment.

The ILO Basic Conventions regulate the rights of the labor market in Vietnam to decide and support the labor market management needed by trade liberalization. Recently, the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Area (EVFTA) has been discussed, EU member states and Vietnam are all members of the ILO, therefore it may be argued that EVFTA has advocated compliance with the ILO approved and implemented standards. In addition, EVFTA encourages the expansion and improvement of initiatives to promote the company’s labor standards or corporate social responsibility. In the future, EVFTA and the ILO will work around issues such as modern slavery and child labor, risk management and increased transparency in labor relations.

The above fields are important fields for cooperation, considering the positive aspects of labor management, the impact of poor labor management on trade opportunities, therefore emphasize the role of labor management for the sustainability of the trade.

In Vietnam, there are many policies on the protection of workers’ rights and the protection of child labor, but the settlement of policies related to labor management, workplace communication has becoming improved. Until now, Vietnam has signed several Free Trade Agreements (FTA), some of which have provisions on labor issues, which require Vietnam to have the labor provisions which consist of the free trade. Vietnam’s current labor policies are gradually improving in order to be in line with the integration trend of the world and to preserve the best integration environment for domestic and foreign investors, therefore it brings the high efficiency in the economic development of the country.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click to learn more about Labour Law Firm in Vietnam or contact our lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529

Thứ Năm, 23 tháng 8, 2018

What are Rights and Obligations of the Obligee?



The rights and obligations of the obligee are as following:

Rights of the obligee:

a) Request the guarantor, the guarantee-confirmation issuing party to fulfill guarantee obligations;

b) Request the guarantor, the guarantee-confirmation issuing party to fulfill obligations and liabilities agreed upon in the guarantee commitment;

c) File a lawsuit in accordance with laws if the guarantor or the guarantee-confirmation issuing party is in breach of their agreed-upon obligations;

d) Check the authenticity of the guarantee commitment;

dd) Transfer their rights and obligations to other entities under the agreement between involved parties in conformity with legal regulations;

e) Exempt the guarantor, the guarantee-confirmation issuing party from liability to fulfill guarantee obligations;

g) Exercise other rights under the agreement between parties in conformity with legal regulations.

Obligations of the obligee

a) Fulfill agreed-upon guarantee obligations and ensure conformity with terms and conditions set in the guarantee commitment;

b) Notify the guarantor, the guarantee-confirmation issuing party and other related parties of any sign or act of violation committed by the obligor;

c) Fulfill other obligations under the agreement between parties in conformity with legal regulations.

ANT Lawyers is a law firm in Vietnam located in the business centers of Hanoi, Danang and Ho Chi Minh City. We provide convenient access to our clients. Please contact us to book your time in advanced to let us provide our best service. 

Call us at +84 28 730 86 529 or send us email ant@antlawyers.vn

Thứ Ba, 21 tháng 8, 2018

Cybersecurity law in Vietnam and data privacy issue

Vietnam’s cybersecurity law has been passed on 12/6/2018, will officially come into effect on Jan 1st, 2019. This new law attracts attention, and contributions from many people. From the state management’s perspective, Cybersecurity Law is to protect national security. From business and users’ perspective, organizations that provide Internet services, social networks service, IT services companies, Fintech services, ecommerce websites and individuals whom use these services…. are directly affected groups.


At present, much of the information is stored on e-mail, social networking platforms…According to Article 26 of Vietnam Cybersecurity Law, it is required to “Store in Vietnam for the personal information of people who use services in Vietnam and the important data related to national security; Having headquarters or representative offices set up in Vietnam”. It is understood that only foreign organizations with headquarters or representative offices in Vietnam are permitted to provide internet, social networking, fintech services in Vietnam. Accordingly, to continue the related services in Vietnam, organizations providing services such as the internet, social networks, fintech services need to establish a representative office in Vietnam and for storing data relating to users in Vietnam.

Point a, Clause 2 of Article 26 of Vietnam Cybersecurity Law regulates that organizations provide internet, social network services have to: “establish information authentication mechanism when user registers account; protect confidential information, user accounts; disclose users’ information to network security division under the Ministry of Public Security upon request in writing”. It is suggested that, in order to protect the user’s information and to avoid abuse of power, the Ministry of Public Security should have specific guidelines for management.

According Article 21 of Vietnam’s Constitution in 2013: “everyone has the right to inviolability of private life, personal and confidential family secrets; have the right to defend the honor and prestige” “No one shall be permitted to open, control, illegally seize any correspondence, telephone, telegram and other forms of private communication.” With the introduction of the Vietnam Cybersecurity Law, the management of information, of service providers, and personal private information pose challenges in terms of data privacy.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Our cybersecurity lawyers in Vietnam always follow development of laws to provide the client with update. For advice or service request, please contact us via email ant@antlawyers.vn, or call (+84) 24 730 86 529.

Chủ Nhật, 19 tháng 8, 2018

Trading Conditions on Medical Device in VietNam

Medical device includes device related to human health, therefore, the business of medical device in the conditional business line in accordance with the law of Vietnam. Medical device is defined as kinds of device, tools, materials for implanting activities, reagents and in vitro calibration solutions, software which are used separately or in association with each other according to the instruction of their owners for human use for the purpose of diagnostic, prevention, supervision, treatment and elimination the illness or to making up for pains.

For medical device trading purpose in Vietnam, first of all, the enterprise should classify medical device. Medical device circulated in Vietnam will be classified based on the level of potential risks associated with the technical design and manufacture of such medical device.
Setting up company selling Medical Device in Vietnam


Pursuant to Decree No.36/2016/ND-CP on medical device management, medical device shall be classified into the following 2 groups which are divided into 4 types as follows:

– Type 1 comprises Type A medical device which is medical device with low level of risks.

– Type 2 comprises Type B, C and D medical device, where

+ Type B medical device is medical device with lower average level of risks;

+ Type C medical device is medical device with upper average level of risks;

+ Type D medical device is medical device with high level of risks.

In case medical device can be classified into two or more levels of risk, the classification by the highest risk level of such medical device shall be applied. The classification of medical device must be conducted by qualified organizations as provided by law. In addition, the law of Vietnam recognizes the results of classification of medical device made by competent regulatory body in other countries such as Korea, Japan, … on the basis of international treaties or international arrangements to which Vietnam is a party or of a country which adopts a medical device classification system similar to that adopted by Vietnam.

After classifying medical device, the enterprise shall declare applicable standards for Type A medical device or issue certificate of free-sale registration for Type B, C, D medical device. This procedure makes sure that medical device which the enterprise has trading requirements, is allowed to be distributed in Vietnam.

Finally, with the exception of medical device of type A, in order to directly sell medical device to consumers, the enterprise needs to ensure the staffing requirements as well as the material facility requirements in accordance with the law, for instance:

Trading premise must have technically qualified staffs to perform the installation and use instructions suitable to the medical device which the establishment buys and sells, including at least one qualified technical staff specialized in technical or medical or pharmaceutical medical or technical colleges of medical device or higher or college or higher degree, whose specialized training is appropriate to the type of medical device that the establishment purchase.

Trading premise needs to prepare the warehouse which has area in accordance with the type and the quantity of the medical device to be stored. The warehouse should be airy, dry, clean, separated from sources of pollution and satisfied with other storing requirement device according to its manual. In addition, trading premise shall have suitable transportation vehicles for delivering of medical devices from trading premise to received place. In case there are no storage facilities or transport means, a contract with an establishment satisfying requirements for storage facilities and transport of medical device shall be concluded

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click to learn more about Medical Device Law Firm in Vietnam or contact our lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529.

Thứ Ba, 14 tháng 8, 2018

Foreign Investment in Education Sector in Vietnam

Foreign cooperation and investment in education are not new to Vietnam. There has been a number of schools and education institutions such as BVIS, Hanoi Academy, International School in Hanoi, Japanese International School, Vietnam-Australia School. Since Aug 1st, 1018, the decree 86/2018/ND-CP on international cooperation and investment in education in Vietnam will be effective, replacing Decree 72/2012/ ND-CP.


According to Decree 86/2018/ND-CP, foreign organizations and individuals are allowed to cooperate in investment in the field of education in accordance with Vietnamese law and treaties to which Vietnam is a member. However, with the education sector in the security, defense, political and religious sectors, the law does not allow foreign organizations to cooperate, or invest.

The law open ways for enterprise to cooperate in education services in Vietnam including pre-school education establishments;primary and secondary education establishments, and educational establishments operating in foreign countries, which are accredited; and post graduate programs that offer master and doctoral training courses and examination centers with foreign language certificates.

Foreign organizations and individuals cooperating and investing in Vietnam in education services must meet the requirements of the Vietnamlaws, including facilities in service of educational activities; the educational program and the quality of teachers. Accordingly, the integrated educational program must be a program that has been accredited, ensure meeting the objectives of the educational program of Vietnam; and meet the requirements of the foreign educational program and must be approved by the Vietnam competent authority. Teachers must be qualified and have diplomas and certificates as prescribed by law. Foreigner and foreign organizations which cooperate in the field of education for a joint term of no more than 5 years from the date of approval. Upon the expiry of the extended time limit, each extension time shall not exceed 5 years.

Forms of foreign-invested educational establishments permitted are include short-term training and vocational training; pre-school education establishment; General education establishments (primary schools, secondary schools, primary and secondary schools; higher education institutions. The duration of operation shall not exceed 50 years. For the establishment of foreign educational organizations, foreign organizations and individuals must meet conditions on capital, facilities and equipment, educational program; teachers must meet the requirements of the Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training.

For pre-school and primary and secondary education establishments, which accept Vietnamese pupils, and study the foreign educational programs, the number of Vietnamese pupils studying in the foreign educational program must be lower 50% of the total number of students enrolled in the foreign educational program at the institution. Vietnamese pupils studying in this group must study compulsory subjects according to regulations.

Foreign investors in education service have to apply for investment registration certificate in Vietnam. Depending on the nature of the educational business, other licenses will need to be applied at Department of Education and Training before operation. 

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click to learn more about Foreign Investment law firm in Vietnam or contact our lawyers for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529 

Chủ Nhật, 12 tháng 8, 2018

What are Responsibility for Wrongful Request of Arrest of Ship?

According to Article 131 of Vietnam Maritime Law, the wrongful request of arrest of ship in Vietnam shall be subject to financial obligations. In particular:

The applicant for arrest of a ship must be held legally liable for his request. If the request for arrest of a ship is wrongful, which may lead to any loss, such applicant shall be responsible for compensating for any loss or damage possibly incurred.


Any loss or damage that may be incurred from consequence of such request for wrongful arrest shall be dealt with as agreed upon between parties. Where there is any disagreement or dispute that may arise, the Court or Arbitration Tribunal shall be requested to settle this disagreement and dispute in accordance with laws.

If the Court that grants a judgement on arrest of a ship which is not based on the reasons for a request for arrest or does not serve on the ship as the right subject matter of such request, which may cause any loss or damage, it shall be liable for any compensation in accordance with laws and regulations.
How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click to learn more about Dispute law firm in Vietnam or contact our lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529

Thứ Năm, 9 tháng 8, 2018

Steps in processing of the written request for analysis of imports and exports are available for use

On June 28, 2018, the Ministry of Finance issued the Decision No. 1921/QD-TCHQ on introduction of the processes for sorting commodities, and imposing tax rates on imports and exports.


Steps in processing of the written request for analysis of imports and exports are prescribed as follows:

After receipt of the written request for analysis, the inspecting officer verifies documents submitted to request analysis and searching on the MHS system to decide whether the written request is rejected or accepted for further actions.

If the written request is accepted and analysis is carried out, the inspecting officer determines analyzed indicators.


In case of lack of conditions for analysis, an assessment is needed:

- The inspecting unit requests the requesting customs unit in writing to assign its staff member as a representative to witness the sample splitting process.

- The sample-splitting report is prepared by using the given template. The sample sent for assessment must be split from the sample received for analysis and must be customs sealed.

- When sending the sample for assessment, the inspecting unit must clearly specify analyzed indicators to carry out sorting of commodities according to the List of imports and exports, and the Tariff Schedule applied to imported and exported commodities.

- The inspecting unit is responsible for showing assessment results in the Notification of analysis results.

The Decision No. 1921/QD-TCHQ will enter into force from the signature date.

Source: Thuvienphapluat
How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click to learn more about Customs Law Firm in Vietnam or contact our lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at +84 28 730 86 529

Thứ Hai, 6 tháng 8, 2018

Streamlining gold jewelry business conditions

This is the noticeable content of the Decision No. 1417/QD-NHNN approving the plan to simplify business conditions under the authority of the State Bank of Vietnam.


According to the Decision, the State Bank has approved the plan to abolish a number of licensing conditions for purchase and sale of gold jewelry or decorative gold, including 02 following conditions: 

- The business must be established under law and have been granted the registration for trade in gold jewelry or decorative gold in the enterprise registration certificate

- The business must have business address, facilities and equipment necessary for its trade in gold jewelry and decorative gold.

Simultaneously, 02 conditions out of prescribed conditions for eligibility for the Certificate of conformance to gold jewelry or decorative gold production regulations will be abrogated as follows:

- The business must be established under law and have been granted the registration for production of gold jewelry or decorative gold in the enterprise registration certificate. 

- The business must have business address, facilities and equipment necessary for its production of gold jewelry and decorative gold.

The Decision No. 1417/QD-NHNN is in force from July 9, 2017.

Source: Thuvienphapluat

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

ANT Lawyers is a law firm in Vietnam located in the business centers of Hanoi, Danang and Ho Chi Minh City. We provide convenient access to our clients. Please contact us to book your time in advanced to let us provide our best service. 

Call us at +84 28 730 86 529 or send us email ant@antlawyers.vn

Thứ Sáu, 3 tháng 8, 2018

What Laws Will be Applied for Dispute Settlement by Arbitration in Vietnam?


Under Article 14 of Law on Commercial Arbitration, applicable laws for dispute settlement by arbitration in Vietnam will be Vietnamese if the case involve no foreign element. If dispute involving foreign invested enterprise, parties need to agree on language. If parties do not have such language agreement for arbitration, the arbitration council will decide. In particular:

For a dispute involving no foreign element, the arbitration council shall apply Vietnamese law for settling the dispute.

For a dispute involving foreign elements. the arbitration council shall apply the law selected by the parties. If the parties have no agreement on the applicable law, the arbitration council shall decide to apply a law it sees the most appropriate.

When the Vietnamese law or law selected by the parties contains no specific provisions concerning the dispute, the arbitration council may apply international practices for settling the dispute, provided such application or consequence of such application does not contravene the fundamental principles of Vietnam law.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Contact Us for Dispute Resolution Services provided by qualified mediators and lawyers, supported by field experts. Via email ant@antlawyers.vn, office tel +84 28 730 86 529 or talk to our partner directly at + 84 912 817 823.

Thứ Tư, 1 tháng 8, 2018

What are Regulations on Collection and Use of Personal Information Under Cyber Information Law?


According to Article 17, Law on Cyber Information Security 2015, the collection and use of personal information are regulated as following:

1. Organizations and individuals that process personal information shall:

a/ Collect personal information only after obtaining the consent of its owners regarding the scope and purpose of collection and use of such information;

b/ Use the collected personal information for purposes other than the initial one only after obtaining the consent of its owners;

c/ Refrain from providing, sharing or spreading to a third party personal information they have collected, accessed or controlled, unless they obtain the consent of the owners of such personal information or at the request of competent state agencies.

2. State agencies shall secure and store personal information they have collected.

3. Owners of personal information may request personal information-processing organizations and individuals to provide their personal information collected and stored by the latter.

Our cyber security lawyers always follow development of laws in Vietnam to provide the client with update. Please contact Cyber Security Law Firm in Vietnam for service inquiries.